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Romans 11

1 I say therefore, has God rejected his people?1 May it not be! For I also am Israelite, from [the] seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Or do you not know what the scripture says in Elijah, how he appealed to God against Israel?
3 O Lord, they have killed your prophets,
They have torn down your altar,
And I alone am left and they seek my psyche-life2 .

4 But what does the divine-answer say to him?

I have left to myself seven-thousand men,
Which have not bent3 the knee to Baal.

5 Thus therefore also in the opportune-time4 now is [a] remnant come to pass according to [the] selection of grace. 6 But if by grace, [it is] no longer from works, otherwise grace becomes no longer grace.5 7 What therefore? What Israel seeks, this [thing] it no longer attained, but the election attained [it], but the rest were hardened. 8 According as it is written:

God has given them [a] spirit of stupor,
Eyes that [they] not be seeing
And ears that [they] not be hearing
Unto this day.

9 And David says,

Let6 their table become [a] trap and [a] snare
And [a] stumbling and [a] recompense to them.
10 Let6 their eyes be darkened that [they] not be seeing,
And let6 their back be bent forever.

11 Therefore I say, have they stumbled in order that they fall?7 May it not be! Rather by their transgression is salvation to the nations, to provoke them to jealousy. 12 But if their transgression [be the] wealth of [the] world, and their loss [be] the wealth of the nations, how much more their fullness? 13 So I say to you the nations, inasmuch as I am apostle of the nations, I magnify my service, 14 if somehow I may provoke to jealousy [those who are] my flesh and save some of them. 15 For if their rejection [is the] reconciliation of [the] world, what [is] the reception [of them] except zoe-life8 from [the] dead? 16 But if the first-fruits [are] holy, the lump [is] also. And if the root [is] holy, the branches [are] also. 17 But if some of the branches have been broken off, and you being [a] wild olive have been grafted in among them and have become partners of the roots of the fatness of the olive tree, 18 be not boasting against the branches. But if you boast, it is not you [who] supports the root, but the root you. 19 You will say, therefore: The branches were broken off in order that I be grafted in. 20 True, they were broken off because of disbelief, but you stand because of belief. Be not being high-minded, but be fearing. 21 For if God did not spare the branches [which are so] by nature, neither will he spare you. 22 Behold therefore the kindness and severity of God: Upon those having fallen—severity, but upon you—[the] kindness of God, if you remain in [his] kindness, since you also may be cut off. 23 But those also, if they be not remaining in disbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to again graft them in. 24 For if you were cut off from the olive tree [which is] wild by nature and were grafted in, contrary to nature, into [a] cultivated olive tree, how much more rather will those by nature be grafted into their own olive tree? 25 For I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, of this mystery, in order that you not be wise according to yourselves, that hardening is in part come to pass to Israel until the fullness9 of the nations come in. 26 And thus all Israel will be saved, just as it is written:

The delivering [one] is present in Zion,
He removes ungodliness from Jacob.
27 And this [is] the covenant from me to them
When I take away their sins.

28 On the one hand [they are], according to the good-news, enemies because of us, but on the other hand [they are], according to selection, agape-beloved. 29 For the kindnesses and the calling of God [are] irrevocable10. 30 For as you were once disobedient to God, but now have obtained mercy through their disbelief, 31 thus also these now have been disobedient to your mercy in order that they also now obtain mercy. 32 For God has consigned them all to disbelief in order that he have mercy upon all. 33 O [the] depth of [the] wealth and wisdom and knowledge of God, how unfathomable are his judgments and inscrutable his ways.

34 For who has known [the] mind of [the] Lord?
Or who has become his counselor?
35 Or who has given to him in advance,
And it shall be given back to him?

36 For from him and through him and to him are everything, to him [is] the glory to the eternities, Amen.

1grammer indicates "no" answer expected or expresses uncertainty

2from PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. Animals have PSYCHEs as well as humans. Contrast ZOE (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected.

3or "bowed"

4KAIROS (καιρoς ) `opportune time', `proper time', `season'

5add: "But if by works, it is no longer grace since the work [is] no longer work." K; text: p46HD


7grammer indicates "no" answer expected or expresses uncertainty

8from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

9or "full number"

10or "without regret"