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Revelation 22

1 And he showed to me [a] river of living water radiant as crystal, proceeding out from the throne of God and the lamb. 2 In the midst of her street and on either side of the river [was the] tree of life, bearing twelve fruits, yielding its fruit each month, and the leaves of the tree [were] for healing of the nations. 3 And every curse will be no longer. And the throne of God and of the lamb will be in it, and his slaves will minister to him, 4 and will see his face, and his name [will be] upon their foreheads. 5 And night will be no longer, and they will not have need of [the] light of lamp and [the] light of [the] sun, for the Lord God will shine on them, and they will reign to the eons of eons. 6 And he said to me: These words [are] trustworthy and true, and the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his angel to show his slaves what must swiftly come to pass. 7 And behold I come swiftly. Blessed [is] the [one] keeping the words of prophecy of this scroll. 8 And I John [am] the [one] hearing and seeing these [things]. And when I heard and saw, I fell to worship before the feet of the angel showing these [things] to me. 9 And he says to me: See [that you] not [do this]. I am the fellow-slave [of you] and your brothers the prophets and of those keeping the words of this scroll. Worship God. 10 And he says to me: You may not seal the words of prophecy of this scroll, for the opportune-time1 is near. 11 The [one] doing injustice, let2 him do injustice still, and the filthy, let2 him be filthy still, and the just, let2 him do justice still, and the holy, let2 him be holy still. 12 Behold I come swiftly, and my reward [is] with me, to render to each as is his work. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega3, the first and the last, the beginning and the end. 14 Blessed [are] those washing their robes, in order that their authority will be for the tree of zoe-life4 and [that] they may enter the gates into the city. 15 Outside [are] the dogs and the sorcerers and the fornicators and the murderers and the idolaters and everyone philia-loving and doing falsehood. 16 I Jesus sent my angel to testify to you these [things] to the assemblies5 . I am the root and the race [of] David, the radiant morning star. 17 And the spirit and the bride say: Be coming. And let2 the [one] hearing say: Be coming. And the [one] thirsting, let2 him come, the [one] wanting, let2 him receive the water of zoe-life4 as-[a]-gift. 18 I testify to all those hearing the words of the prophecy of this scroll, if anyone adds to it, God will add to him the plagues written in this scroll. 19 And if anyone subtract from the words of the scroll of this prophecy, God will subtract his portion from the tree of zoe-life4 and from the holy city, of [which are] written in this scroll. 20 The [one] testifying these [things] says: Yes, I come swiftly. Amen, be coming, Lord Jesus. The grace of the Lord Jesus [be] with [you] all.

1KAIROS (καιρoς ) `opportune time', `proper time', `season'


3the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet

4from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

5EKKLESIA (εκκλησια) from "called out". Appears 114 times in the N.T., but only in two places in the Gospels ( Matt.16:18 (twice) and Matt.18:17 (twice)). It's worth noting that when Jesus uses the term EKKLESIA, Christian community as we know it didn't yet exist—there were only the disciples. EKKLESIA is apparently different from 'synagogue' (SYNAGOGE (συναγωγη) which occurs 56 times in the N.T.) EKKLESIA is used in secular Greek literature of a popular assembly 'called to assemble', and also of those 'called' to a cult. EKKLESIA is used frequently in the N.T. outside of the Gospels to refer to Christian communities, but in Acts.7:38 it is used of the people of Israel led through the desert by Moses, and in Acts.19:32 ff. of a secular assembly. Thus, all told, the common translation of EKKLESIA as 'church' doesn't really reflect 1st century usage—it seems to mean more like 'a group of people assembled for some specific purpose'.