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Revelation 2

1 To the angel of the assembly1 in Ephesus write: These [things] says the [one] holding the seven stars in his right hand, the [one] walking in the midst of the seven lampstands of gold, 2 I know your works and your labor and endurance, and that you are not able to bear evil [ones], and you tested those saying they [are] prophets and are not, and you found them [to be] false, 3 and you have endurance, and you have borne, on account my name, and are not grown weary. 4 But I have against you that you have left your first agape-love. 5 Be remembering therefore whence you are fallen, and repent and do [your] first works. But if not, I come to you and I will remove your lampstand from its place, if you do not repent. 6 But this you have, that you hate the works of the Nicolatians, which I also hate. 7 The [one] having ears, let2 him be hearing what the spirit says to the assemblies1. To the [one] gaining victory I will give to eat from the tree of zoe-life3 , which is in the paradise of God.

8 And to the angel of the assembly1 in Smyrna write: These [things] says the first and the last, who became dead and zoe-lived3: 9 I know your affliction and poverty, but you are rich, and [I know] the slander from those saying themselves to be Jews, and are not, but [are the] synagogue of Satan. 10 Be not fearing what you are [about] to be suffering. Behold the devil is [about] to be throwing some [of you] into prison, in order that you be tested, and you will have affliction ten days. Become trustworthy to death, and I will give to you the crown of zoe-life3. 11 The [one] having ears, let2 him be hearing what the spirit says to the assemblies1. The [one] gaining victory will not be injured by the second death.

12 And to the angel of the assembly1 in Pergamum write: These [things] says the [one] having the sharp two-edged broad-sword: 13 I know where you dwell, [even] where [is] the throne of Satan, and you hold fast my name, and have not denied my faith even in the days [in which] Antipes [was] my trustworthy witness, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. 14 But I have a few [things] against you, that you have there those holding the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to be throwing [a] stumbling before the sons [of] Israel, to eat [things]-sacrificed-to-idols and to fornicate. 15 Thus you also have [those] holding the teaching of the Nicolatians likewise. 16 Therefore repent, but if not, I come to you swiftly and I will fight against them with [the] broad-sword of my mouth. 17 The [one] having ears let2 him be hearing what the spirit says to the assemblies1. To the [one] gaining victory I will give to him of the hidden manna, and will give to him [a] white pebble, and upon the pebble [a] new name written, which no one knows except the [one] receiving it.

18 And to the angel of the assembly1 in Thyatira, write: These [things] says the son of God, the [one] whose eyes [are] as [a] flame of fire, and his feet like to fine-brass: 19 I know your work, and agape-love and service and faith and your endurance, and your last works [are] greater than the first. 20 But I have this against you, that you allow the woman Jezebel, the [one] calling herself prophetess, and she teaches and deceives my slaves to fornicate and to eat [things] sacrificed to idols. 21 And I gave to her time in order that she repent, and she does not want to repent from her fornication. 22 Behold I throw her into [a] bed, and those committing adultery with her into great affliction, if they do not repent from her works. 23 And I will kill her children with death, and all the assemblies1 will know that I am the [one] searching kidneys4 and hearts, and I will give to each [of you] according to your works. 24 So I say to the rest [of you] in Thyatire, as many as do not have this teaching, who have not known the deep [things] of Satan, as they say, I do not throw upon you another burden. 25 Nevertheless what you have, hold fast until I come. 26 And the [one] gaining victory and the [one] keeping my works until completion5, I will give to him authority over the nations, 27 and he will shepherd them with [a] rod of iron, as the vessels of clay are shattered, 28 as I have received from my father, and I will give to him the morning star. 29 The [one] having ears let2 him be hearing what the spirit says to the assemblies1.

1EKKLESIA (εκκλησια) from "called out". Appears 114 times in the N.T., but only in two places in the Gospels ( Matt.16:18 (twice) and Matt.18:17 (twice)). It's worth noting that when Jesus uses the term EKKLESIA, Christian community as we know it didn't yet exist—there were only the disciples. EKKLESIA is apparently different from 'synagogue' (SYNAGOGE (συναγωγη) which occurs 56 times in the N.T.) EKKLESIA is used in secular Greek literature of a popular assembly 'called to assemble', and also of those 'called' to a cult. EKKLESIA is used frequently in the N.T. outside of the Gospels to refer to Christian communities, but in Acts.7:38 it is used of the people of Israel led through the desert by Moses, and in Acts.19:32 ff. of a secular assembly. Thus, all told, the common translation of EKKLESIA as 'church' doesn't really reflect 1st century usage—it seems to mean more like 'a group of people assembled for some specific purpose'.


3from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

4i.e. "minds"?

5or "perfection"