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Matthew 4

The Temptation of Jesus

1 Then Jesus was led into the wilderness by the spirit to be tested by the devil. 2 And having fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterwards hungry. 3 And the [one] testing him having come, he said to him: If you are [the] son of God, speak in order that these stones become bread. 4 But answering he said: It is written1:
Not on bread alone does man zoe-live2 , but [also] on every word proceeding out of the mouth of God.

5 Then the devil takes him to the holy city, and placed him on the pinnacle of the temple. 6 And he says to him: If you are [the] son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written3 that:

He will command his angels concerning you
And in their hands they will carry you
Lest you dash your foot against [a] stone.

7 Jesus said to him: Again it is written4:

You will not test [the] Lord your God.

8 Again the devil takes him to [a] very high mountain, and shows to him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory, 9 and says to him: All these I will give to you if, having fallen [down], you will worship me. 10 Then Jesus says to him: Be departing5, Satan, for it is written6:

You will worship [the] Lord your God and to him only will you serve.

11 Then the devil left him, and behold angels came and served him.

Preaching in Galilee

12 But having heard that John had been delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee. 13 And having left Nazareth, having come he dwelt in Capernaum by the sea in the environs of Zebulun and Nephtali, 14 in order that what was said through Isaiah the prophet be fulfilled saying7:
15 Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali,
Of the nations,
road of the sea,
Across the Jordan, Galilee:
16 The people sitting in darkness saw [a] great light,
And to those sitting in the land and darkness of death [a] light has arisen for them.

17 From then on Jesus began preaching and saying: Be repenting, for the kingdom of the heavens is at hand.

The Call of the Disciples

18 So walking by the sea of Galilee he saw two brothers, Simon the [one] called Peter and Andrew his brother, throwing [a] net into the sea, for they were fishermen. 19 And he says to them: Come after me, and I will make you fishers of men. 20 And immediately having left their nets, they followed him. 21 And proceeding on from there they saw another two brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother in [their] boat with Zebedee their father repairing their nets, and he called them. 22 And immediately having left their nets and father, they followed him.

Jesus' Healing Ministry

23 And he went around in all of Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good-news of the kingdom and healing all sickness and all weakliness among the people. 24 And the report of him came into all Syria, and brought to him were all those having [it] evil-ly: those afflicted by various sicknesses and torments, those demon possessed and those lunatic, and those paralytic, and he healed them. 25 And great multitudes from Galilee and Decapolis8 and Jerusalem and Judea and from across the Jordan followed him.

1 Deut. 8:3

2from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

3 Ps.91:11-12, but note the whole passage: "For He shall give His angels charge over thee, To keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, Lest thou dash thy foot against a stone." [KJV]

4 Deut. 8:3

5"Be departing" ℵBW vg ; "Be departing behind me" DK

6 Deut. 11:3–4


8i.e. "The Ten Cities." Decapolis is the name given in the Bible and by ancient writers to a region in Palestine lying to the east and south of the Sea of Galilee. It took its name from the confederation of ten cities that dominated the area.