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Luke 8

Jesus's Ministry and the Help of Women

1 And it came to pass afterwards he also was traveling through according to city and town preaching and proclaiming the kingdom of God, and the twelve with him, 2 and certain women who were healed from wicked1 spirits and sicknesses, Maria the [one] being called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had come out, 3 and Joanna [the] wife of Chouze steward of Herod, and Sousanna, and many others, who were serving them out of their possessions.

The Parable of the Sower

4 Now when [a] great crowd came together and those from every village journeyed to him, he said by parable: 5 The sower went out to sow his seed, and in sowing it some fell by the road and was trampled, and the birds of heaven ate it. 6 And other fell on the rocks, and grew, was withered because of not having moisture. 7 And other fell in the midst of thorn bushes, and the thorn bushes growing with it choked it. 8 And other fell on the good soil, and grew produced fruit hundredfold. Saying these [things] he said: The [one] having ears to be hearing let2 him be hearing.

9 Now his disciples were asking him what this parable might be. 10 But he said: To you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest in parables, in order that looking they may not look and hearing they may not understand.

11 Now this is the parable. The seed is the word of God. 12 Now that by the road are those hearing, then comes the devil and takes the word from their hearts, in order that not having believed they [not] be saved. 13 And that on the rocks are they who when they hear receive the word with joy, and these do not have root, who for [a] time3 believe and in time3 of trial fall away, 14 so that falling in the thorn bushes, these are those hearing, and proceeding under the cares and riches and pleasures of life they are choked and do not bear4 fruit. 15 But that in the good soil, these are those in [the] good and sound heart who having heard the word hold fast and bear fruit in patience.

Showing the Light

16 But no one having lit [a] lamp hides it in [a] vessel or places it under [a] basket, but places it on [a] lampstand, that those coming in may see the light. 17 For nothing is hidden that will not become manifest, nor hidden that will not be made known and shall come into manifestation. 18 Be looking therefore how you hear; for whoever has, it will be given to him; and whoever has not, even what he supposes he has will be taken5 from him.

Jesus's True Family

19 Now his mother and brothers came to him, and were unable to meet him because of the crowd. 20 So it was reported to him, Your mother and your brothers stand outside wishing to see you. 21 But answering he said to them: My mother and my brothers are those hearing and doing the word of God.

Stilling a Storm

22 Now it came to pass one day he and his disciples embarked in [a] boat. And he said to them: Let us proceed through to the other side of the lake, and they put out. 23 Now while they were sailing he fell asleep. And there came down [a] storm of wind on the lake, and they were being filled [with water] and were being in danger. 24 So coming to him they aroused him saying: Master, master, we are perishing. But having arisen he rebuked the wind and the rough water, and they ceased, and it became calm. 25 But he said to them: where [is] your faith? But having been made afraid, they were astonished, saying to one another: Who therefore is this, that he rebukes the winds and the water, and they obey him? 26 And they sailed down to the land of Gerasene, which is opposite of Galilee.

Healing of a Demoniac

27 So when he came out on the land [a] certain man from the city met him having [a] demon, and for a long time did not wear [a] garment, and stayed not in [a] house but among the graves. 28 So seeing Jesus, having cried out he fell before him and with [a] great voice said: What [is] to me and to you6, Jesus son of the most high God? I beg you, do not torture me. 29 For he commanded the unclean spirit to come out from the man. For he is for a long time seized, and he was bound with chains and fetters, being guarded, and breaking the bonds he was driven by the demon into the wilderness. 30 So Jesus asked him, What is your name? So he said: Legion, for many demons entered into him. 31 And he was calling upon him that he not command them to depart into the abyss7. 32 Now there was there [a] sizable herd of pigs grazing on the mountain, and he called upon him that he permit them to enter into them. And he commanded them. 33 So the demons having gone out from the man they entered into the pigs, and the herd rushed headlong down the bank into the lake and drowned.

34 Now when those grazing [them] saw that which came to pass they fled and reported in the city and in the country. 35 So they came out to see what came to pass, and came to Jesus, and found sitting the man from whom the demons came out clothed and of sound mind by Jesus feet, and they were made afraid. 36 And those who saw reported to them how he had saved the demon possessed [one]. 37 And all the multitude from the surrounding regions asked8 him to depart from them, for they were taken with great fear, so having embarked into the boat he returned. 38 But the man from whom the demons were come out was begging of him to be with him, but he sent him away saying: 39 Be returning to your house, and be relating how much God has done for you. And he departed by every city preaching how much Jesus had done for him.

Restoration and Healing

40 Now upon Jesus's return the crowd welcomed him, for they had been expecting him. 41 And behold there came [a] man by name Jarius, and this chief of the synagogue was being present, and falling by Jesus feet he called upon him to enter into his house, 42 for his only-begotten9 daughter was to him [about] twelve years and she was dying.

Now when he was withdrawing the crowd was pressing him. 43 And [a] woman being in flow of blood for twelve years, and having spent all her living10, was not strong, being healed by nothing, 44 having come from behind, grasped the hem of his robe, and immediately the flow of her blood stopped. 45 And Jesus said: Who [is ]the [one] having grasped me? But all denying it, Peter said: Master, the crowds come together and press upon us. 46 But Jesus said: Who grasped me? For I know [that] power has gone out from me. 47 Now the woman having known that she did not escape notice, trembling came and falling before him reported before all the people for what cause she had grasped him, and how she was immediately healed. 48 But he said to her: Daughter, your faith has saved you. Be going in peace.

49 While he was yet speaking someone came by the chief of the synagogue saying that: Your daughter has died. Be no longer troubling the teacher. 50 But when Jesus heard he answered to him: Be not fearing, only believe, and she will be saved. 51 So when he came into the house he did not permit any to go in with him except Peter and John and James, and the father and mother of the child. 52 And all were weeping and mourning her. So he said: Be not weeping, she has not died but sleeps. 53 And they were mocking him, knowing that she had died. 54 But having laid hold of her hand he spoke to her saying: Child, be arising. 55 And her spirit returned, and immediately she stood up, and he commanded she be given [something] to eat. 56 But he directed them to say nothing [concerning] what came to pass.

1PONEROS (πoνηρoς ) here. The Greek word KAKOS (κακoς ) is always translated `evil', PONEROS is usually translated as `wicked' although occasionally as `bad'; it can also mean 'diseased', 'sickly' and is thus translated where appropriate. Like KAKOS, PONEROS also means `evil', but the harm that evil does is more in view, where KAKOS is more `evil as evil'.


3KAIROS (καιρoς ) `opportune time', `proper time', `season'

4bear fruit to maturity

5or "seems to have will be taken . . ."

6i.e. What do we have in common

7or "underworld"

8EROTAO (ερωταω) "Ask", but more polite, not demanding/begging as is AITEO. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.

9MONOGENES `mah-noh-gen-AYS" (μoνγενεης ) Literally `only (MONO) + begotten/birthed (GENES)'. GENNAO "gen-AH-oh" (γενναω) is used of `begetting' by the father, and `birthing' by the mother in the Greek literature in general as well as the Septuagint. Thus it refers to the reproductive process as a whole. GENNAO is also used of the special relationship between a Master and his disciples, where no literal begetting or birthing is involved. Since there isn't really an English word that encompasses the whole reproductive cycle, GENNAO is reluctantly translated as 'born' except in those contexts where it would be strange to the English reader to say 'born of a father' or 'begotten by a mother'. MONOGENES appears in: Luke.7:12, Luke.8:42, Luke.9:38, John.1:14, John.1:18, John.3:16, John.3:18, Heb.11:17, 1John.4:9. Luke only uses MONOGENES to refer to 'an only-child'. But see Heb.11:17 where Isaac is referred to as MONOGENES even though he has an older brother Ishmael. Thus it must also mean 'uniquely-born/begotten' and not strictly 'only-child'.

10"having spent all her living" HKWℵ; omit: p75B