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Acts 10

1 Now a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, centurion of the cohort called Italian, 2 devout and fearing God with all his house, doing many mercies to the people and requesting of God always, 3 saw manifestly in [a] dream [about] the ninth hour1 of the day [an] angel of God having come to him and having said: Cornelius. 4 So having looked intently and having become fearful he said: What is it, Lord? He said to him: Your prayers and your mercies have gone up for [a] memorial before God. 5 And now send men to Joppa and send for a certain Simon who is called Peter. 6 This [one] is staying with a certain Simon [the] tanner, who is in [a] house by the sea. 7 Now as the angel speaking to him departed, having called two of the devout house-domestics2 and soldiers adhering to him, 8 and having described everything to them, he sent them to Joppa. 9 Now on the morrow, while those [men] were journeying and drawing near to the city, Peter went up on the roof to pray around the sixth hour. 10 Now be became hungry and he wanted to eat. But while he was preparing, [a] trance came to pass upon him, 11 and he beheld heaven having opened, and some object coming down like [a] great linen sheet, with four corners being let down upon the earth, 12 in which were every four-footed [thing] and reptile of the earth and bird of heaven. 13 And [a] voice came to pass to him: Having arisen, Peter, kill and eat. 14 But Peter said: By no means, Lord, for I have never eaten everything common3 and unclean. 15 And [the] voice [came] again [a] second time to him: What God has cleansed do not be considering common4. 16 Now this came to pass [a] third time, and straightway the linen sheet was taken up into heaven. 17 Now as Peter was greatly perplexed in himself what the vision which he saw might be, behold the men sent by Cornelius, having asked for the house of Simon, stood at the gateway, 18 and having called, they inquired if Simon called Peter stays here. 19 Now while Peter was pondering concerning the dream, the spirit said: Behold three5 men seeking you 20 So having arisen go down, and be going with them not hesitating, for I have sent them. 21 So Peter having come down to the men said: Behold I am whom you seek; what is the reason for which you are present? 22 So they said: Cornelius [the] centurion, [a] man just and fearing God, having been witnessed by the whole nation of the Jews, was directed by [an] angel of the Lord to summon you to his house and to hear words from you. 23 Having invited them in, therefore, he stayed. But on the morrow, having arisen, he went with them, and some of the brothers from Joppa went with him. 24 So on the morrow they came to Caesarea; now Cornelius was awaiting6 them, having called together his relatives and his close friends. 25 Now as it came to pass [that] Peter came in, having met him, Cornelius having fallen at his feet worshipped [him]. 26 But Peter raised him saying: Arise, for I myself am [a] man. 27 And conversing with him he came in, and he finds many come together, 28 and he said to them: You stood since it is unlawful for [a] Jewish man to be associating or to be coming to [a] heathen; but God has shown me to be saying no man common7 and unclean. 29 Therefore I also came, undeniably summoned. I inquire, therefore, for what reason you summoned me. 30 And Cornelius said: From [the] fourth day until this hour I was praying the ninth [hour] in my house, and behold [a] man stood before me in radiant apparel, 31 and he said: Cornelius, your prayer has been heard8 and your mercies remembered before God. 32 Send therefore to Joppa and summon Simon who is called Peter; this [one] stays in the house of Simon [the] tanner by [the] sea. 33 Immediately therefore I sent to you, and you having done well [are] arrived. Now therefore are we all present before God to hear everything commanded to you by the Lord. 34 So Peter having opened his mouth said: In truth do I understand that God is not [a] shower-of-partiality, 35 but in every nation the [one] fearing him and working justice is acceptable to him. 36 The word which he sent to the sons [of] Israel, good-newsing peace through Jesus Christ, this [one] is Lord of all. 37 You know [that] word having come throughout [the] whole of Judea, beginning from Galilee after the baptism which John proclaimed, 38 how God anointed Jesus the [one] from Nazareth with [the] Holy Spirit and power, who went [about] well-doing and healing all those oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. 39 And we [are] witnesses of everything which he did both in the region of Judea and [in] Jerusalem, whom they did away with, having hung [him] on [the] tree. 40 God raised this [one] on the third day and gave to him to become visible, 41 Not to all the people, but to witnesses pre-appointed by God, who ate and drank with him after he was raised from [the] dead. 42 And he commanded us to proclaim to the people and to testify9 [that] this is the [one] appointed by God [to be] judge of [the] zoe-living10 and [the] dead. 43 To this [one] all the prophets witnessed, [that] all those believing in him receive allowance11 of sins through his name. 44 While Peter was speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those hearing [his] word. 45 And the believers of the circumcision, as many as were gathered with Peter, were astonished, that the gift of the Holy Spirit is poured out upon the nations also. 46 For they were hearing them speaking in tongues and praising God. Then Peter answered: 47 Who is able to hinder the water that these not be baptized, whom the Holy Spirit has received like us also? 48 So he commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked12 him to abide [there] several days.

1about 3 p.m.

2OIKETHS: the root in this word is "house'; neither the root for "servant' nor "slave' is present in this word. The intent is a 'house-domestic', as in "house-servant' or "house-slave'

3or "impure"

4or "impure"

5"three" p74H vg; "two" B; "some" D K

6or "looking for," "expecting"

7or "impure"

8or "obeyed"

9or "warn"

10from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

11or "forgiveness"

12EROTAO (ερωταω) "Ask", but more polite, not demanding/begging as is AITEO. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.