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Luke 23

Jesus Brought Before Pilate

1 And when all their multitude stood up they led him to Pilate. 2 So they began to accusing him saying: We have found this [man] to be perverting our nation and forbidding tribute1 be given to Caesar, and saying himself [to be] Christ [the] king. 3 But Pilate asked2 him saying: Are you the king of the Jews? So answering him he said: You say [it]. 4 But Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds: I find no guilt in this man. 5 But they were growing insistent saying that: He incites the people, teaching all of Judea and beginning from Galilee to here.

Jesus Brought Before Herod

6 But Pilate having heard asked if the man is Galilean. 7 And having known that it is of Herod's authority sent him to Herod, he also being in Jerusalem in those days. 8 Now when Herod saw Jesus he rejoiced greatly, for he was for some time wanting to see him because of hearing concerning him, and he was hoping to see some sign come to pass by him. 9 So he questioned him with many words; but he answered him nothing. 10 But the chief priests and the scribes had stood vigorously accusing him. 11 So Herod having treated him with contempt [along] with his troops and having mocked [him], having seized [his] shining clothing he sent him back to Pilate. 12 Now they were become friends, Herod and Pilate, in that day with each other; for they were formerly being in opposition to each other.

Jesus Brought Before the Crowd

13 Now Pilate having called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people 14 said to them: You brought to me this man as misleading the people, and behold I having examined him before you found in this man no guilt of what you accuse him. 15 But neither [did] Herod, for he sent him back to us; and behold nothing worthy of death has been done by him. 16 Therefore having disciplined him I will release him. 17 Now he had need to release to them one [man] according to the feast 3.

18 And they cried out altogether saying: Be removing this one, and release to us Barabbas; 19 who was through [a] certain revolt come to pass in the city and [through] murder thrown in prison. 20 But Pilate again called out to them: wanting to release Jesus. 21 But they were crying out saying: Crucify crucify him. 22 But the third [time] he said to them: But what evil has this [man] done? I found nothing guilty of death in him. Therefore having disciplined [him] I will release him. 23 But they were being urgent with great cries demanding4 he be crucified, and their cries were prevailing. 24 And Pilate decided to let their request come to pass. 25 So he released the [one] because of revolt and murder thrown in prison, whom they demanded4, but Jesus he delivered up to their will.

The Crucifixion

26 And as they were leading him away, having taken hold of Simon [a] certain Cyrenian coming from the country they laid upon him to be bearing the cross after Jesus. 27 Now there followed him [a] great multitude of the people and women who were bewailing and lamenting him. 28 But having turned to them Jesus said: Daughters of Jerusalem, Be not weeping over me; rather over yourselves and over your children, 29 because behold days will come in which they will say: Blessed [are] the barren, and [those] bellies5 which have not begotten, and [those] breasts which have not given suck. 30 Then will they begin to be saying to the mountains: Fall upon us, and to the hills: Cover us. 31 Because if they do these [things] with [a] green tree, what will come to pass with the dry?

32 Now they were also bringing two other criminals with him to be taken away. 33 And when they came to the place called Cranion, here they crucified him and the evil-doers, one on the right and one on the left. 34 6 So distributing his garments they threw lots. 35 And the people had stood observing. But the rulers were ridiculing [him] saying: He saved others, let7 him save himself, if this [one] is the Christ of God, the chosen. 36 The soldiers having come also mocked him, bringing sour wine to him, 37 and saying: If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself. 38 And there was also [an] inscription upon him: This [is] the king of the Jews.

39 And one of the hanging evil-doers was slandering him: Aren't you the Christ? Save yourself and us. 40 But answering, the other rebuking him said: Do you not fear God, because you are in this judgment? 41 And we [are here] justly, for we receive [things] worthy of what we have done; but this [one] did nothing improper. 42 And he was saying: Jesus, remember me when you come in8 your kingdom. 43 And he said to him: Truly I say to you, 9 Today will you be with me in paradise.

44 And it was already [about] [the] sixth hour and darkness came to pass upon all the land until [the] ninth hour 45 of the sun being eclipsed. And the veil of the temple was rent in the middle. 46 And having cried out with [a] great cry Jesus said: Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit.10 And saying this he breathed out his last.

47 But the centurion seeing what came to pass was glorifying God saying: Certainly this man was just. 48 And all the crowd gathered together to observe these [things], having observed what came to pass, beating their breasts they were returning. 49 But all those known to him had stood from afar, and the women who followed him from Galilee, to see these [things].

Jesus's Burial

50 And behold [a] man by name Joseph the councilor being present, [a] good and just man 51 —this [one] was not consenting to their intention and activity—from Arimathea [a] city of Judea, who was expecting11 the kingdom of God, 52 this [one] having come to Pilate requested4 the body of Jesus, 53 and having taken [it] down wrapped it in linen, and placed him in [a] tomb hewn out of rock, in which no one was yet laid. 54 And [the] day was of [the] preparation, and [the] Sabbath was dawning. 55 So the women following, who were come out of Galilee with him, observed the tomb and as they placed his body. 56 So having returned they prepared spices and ointments. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

1or "tax"

2EROTAO (ερωταω) "Ask", but more polite, not demanding/begging as is AITEO. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.

3include vs. 17: WK vg; omit vs. 17: p75 B

4AITEO "ay-TEH-oh" (αιτεω) "request", "demand", "beg" something for oneself. Far from humbly requesting—it's more like 'demanding'. Jesus uses AITEO only of the prayer of others, not of His own (cf. John.16:26)—and not requesting things for Himself, only for others. AITEO seems to suppose a lesser degree of intimacy than EROTAO (ερωταω), hence AITEO is used of the requests of the disciples to God, but EROTAO of the requests of the disciples to Jesus, and of those of Jesus to the Father ( John.14:16). AITEO is demanding/begging/pleading, EROTAO is polite and friendlier. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.


6insert "But Jesus was saying: Father forgive them, for they know not what they do" K vg; text: p75 BDW


8"into": p75B; "in": ℵAWK

9Whether this should be translated 'Truly I say to you, Today you will be with me..' or 'Truly I say to you today, You will be with me...' is not completely clear from the Greek.


11or "waiting for", "receiving"