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John 19

Pilate Tries to Release Jesus

1 Then therefore Pilate took Jesus and flogged him. 2 And the soldiers having woven [a] crown from thorns placed it upon his head and put [a] purple robe around him, 3 and they were coming to him and saying: Hail king of the Jews, and they gave him blows.

4 And Pilate again went out and says to them: Behold I bring him out, in order that you know that I find nothing blameworthy in him. 5 So Jesus came out, wearing the thorny crown and the purple robe. And he says to them: Behold the man. 6 When therefore the chief-priests and the officers saw him, they cried out saying: Crucify him, crucify him! Pilate says to them: You take him and crucify him, for I found in him no blame. 7 The Jews answered him: We have law, and according to the law he ought to die, because he makes himself son of God.

8 When therefore Pilate heard this word, he feared greatly, 9 and went in to the Praetorium again and says to Jesus: From where are you? But Jesus did not give him answer. 10 Pilate therefore says to him: To me do you not speak? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and I have authority to crucify you? 11 Jesus answered: You have no authority over me unless it was given to you from above. Because of this the [one] having delivered me up has greater sin.

12 From this Pilate was seeking to release him; but the Jews cried out saying: If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone making himself king opposes Caesar. 13 Pilate therefore having heard these words brought Jesus out and sat upon the judgment seat in the place called Lithostrotos, but in Hebrew Gabatha. 14 Now it was the preparation of the Passover, it was [about] the sixth1 hour, and he says to the Jews: Behold your king. 15 Those therefore cried out: Take him away, take him away, crucify him! Pilate says to them: Shall I crucify your king? The chief-priests answered: We have no king but Caesar. 16 Then he therefore delivered him up to them in order that he be crucified.

They therefore took Jesus, 17 and taking up on himself the cross he went out to that being called place of the skull, which is called in Hebrew Golgotha, 18 where they crucified him, and with him two others on each side. 19 Now Pilate also wrote [an] inscription and placed [it] upon the cross. Now it was written: Jesus the Nazarene the king of the Jews. 20 Many of the Jews therefore read the inscription, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 The chief-priests therefore were saying to Pilate: Do not write: the king of the Jews, but that: This [one] said: I am the king of the Jews. 22 Pilate answered: What I have written I have written.

23 The soldiers therefore, when they crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to each soldier [a] part, and the tunic. Now the tunic was seamless, woven from above throughout. 24 They said therefore to each other, Let us cast lots concerning whose it will be, in order that the scripture be fulfilled2:

They divided my garments to themselves,
And upon my clothing they threw lots.

The soldiers therefore indeed did these [things]. 25 Now his mother and the sister of his mother, Maria the wife of Klopas and Maria the Magdalene stood beside Jesus' cross. 26 Jesus therefore seeing his mother and the disciple whom he agape-loved standing beside [him], he says to his mother: Woman, behold your son. 27 Then he says to the disciple: Behold your mother. And from that hour the disciple received her for his own.

Jesus's Death

28 After this Jesus knowing that already everything is fulfilled, in order that the scripture be fulfilled, says: I thirst. 29 There lay [a] vessel full of sour wine; placing hyssop around [a] sponge full of sour wine they brought it to his mouth. 30 When therefore Jesus received the sour wine he said: It is finished, and having bowed his head he gave up his spirit.

31 The Jews therefore, since it was the preparation, in order that the bodies not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath, for it was the great day of that Sabbath, asked3 Pilate that they may break their legs and be taken down. 32 The soldiers came therefore, and broke the legs of the first and of the other crucified with him, 33 but having come upon Jesus, as they saw that he has already died, did not break his legs, 34 but one of the soldiers pierced [his] side with his spear, and there came out straightway blood and water. 35 And the [one] having seen has witnessed, and his witness is true, and that [one] knows that he speaks truth, in order that you also be believing. 36 For these [things] came to pass in order that the scripture be fulfilled4:

Not [a] bone of his was broken.

37 And again another scripture says5:

They will look upon whom they have pierced.

Jesus's Burial

38 Now after these [things] Joseph from Arimathea being [a] disciple of Jesus [in] secret on account of fear of the Jews, asked3 Pilate in order that he may take Jesus body. And Pilate permitted him. He came therefore and took his body. 39 Now Nicodemas also came, the [one] coming to him first by night, bringing [a] mixture of myrrh and aloe [about] [a] litra6 each.7 40 He therefore took the body of Jesus and bound [it] in linen with the spices, just as it is [the] custom with the Jews to be preparing for burial. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was [a] garden, and in the garden [was a] new tomb in which no one was yet placed. 42 There, on account of the Preparation of the Jews, because it was near, they therefore placed Jesus.

1approx. noon


3EROTAO (ερωταω) "Ask", but more polite, not demanding/begging as is AITEO. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.



6litra = 12 oz.

7A extraordinary amount of spices, fit for a kingly burial.