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Romans 5

1 Therefore having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we have1 access by faith to this grace in which we stand, and boast upon the hope of the glory of God. 3 But not only [this], but we also boast in distresses, having known that distress produces endurance, 4 and endurance character, and character hope, 5 and hope does not disappoint2, because the agape-love of God flows out in our hearts through the Holy Spirit given to us. 6 For when we were weak, according to the opportune-time3 Christ yet died in behalf of the ungodly. 7 For scarcely in behalf of [a] just [man] one will die; yet perhaps in behalf of the good [man] one will have courage to die. 8 But God demonstrates his own agape-love to us that while we being sinners, Christ died in our behalf. 9 Therefore much more having now been justified by his blood, we will be saved through him from the wrath. 10 For if, being enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his son, much more having been reconciled we will be saved by his zoe-life4 . 11 But not only [this], but also boasting in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation. 12 Because of this, just as through one man sin came into the world, and death through sin, and thus death came upon all men, because all sinned— 13 for until [the] law, sin was in the world, but sin is not reckoned when there is no law— 14 nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, and [reigned] over those not having sinned in the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is [a] figure of the [one] [about] to be. 15 But not as the offense, thus also [is] the gift5; for if by the offense of [the] one have the many died; much more has the grace of God and the gift by grace, [which is] by the one man Jesus Christ, abounded to the many. 16 And not as through one man having sinned [is] the gift; for the judgment [is] of one to condemnation, but the gift6 [is] of many offenses to justification. 17 For by the offenses of the one did death reign through the one, much more those receiving the abundance of grace and the gift of justness will reign in zoe-life4 through the one—Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore as through [the] offense of [the] one [is judgment] to all men to condemnation, thus also through the justness of [the] one [is the gift] to all men to justness of zoe-life4. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man were the many made sinners, thus also through the obedience of the one will the many be made just. 20 But the law slipped-in in order that offense increase. But where sin increased, grace abounded, 21 in order that just a sin reigned in death, thus also grace may reign through justice to eternal zoe-life4 through Jesus Christ our Lord.

1or "have had"

2or "put to shame"

3KAIROS (καιρoς ) `opportune time', `proper time', `season'

4from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

5from GRACE

6from GRACE